Most traffic collisions happen at road junctions. This is because they are the most common place where

Mirrors-Signal-Manoeuvre (MSM) is a simple and easy way to ensure success when learning to drive. For this exercise it is important to learn some of the skills like;

 Waiting behind the double broken white lines in order to give way to any approaching traffic.

 Judgement of the distance and speed of any approaching traffic

 Complying with STOP sign or STOP line

 Giving way before emerging to pedestrians who are crossing the road

The need to use a safe system of approach – MSM

Mirrors - The importance of checking for traffic following closely by using the interior mirror. Using the outside mirrors when and where necessary on approach. When turning left checking the interior and nearside door mirror and when turning right, the interior and offside doors mirror.

Signal - The importance of signalling in good time and for the benefit of traffic and pedestrians that can or cannot yet be seen.

Position - The importance of being in the correct road position for turning left or right making sure for yourself that it is safe to steer into any new position for turning. Keep a watch on the car so that it does not swing out before turning left and also that you are in the right position if turning right from a wide road.

Speed and Gear – The importance of correct amount of gentle braking to bring the speed down in enough time to select and engage the gear. Also make sure that the clutch pedal is not pressed down too early on the approach.

Look – The importance of zones of vision. Watch for road markings like ‘Give Way’ or ‘STOP’.

Look for any overtaking vehicles in the appropriate exterior mirrors, pedestrians who are crossing the road, motorcyclists on the road. Make sure that you do not cause another vehicle to change speed or direction when emerging.

Mirrors Signal Manoeuvre (M-S-M)

Mirrors

well before

Signalling

Position

correct line

on approach

when emerging

Correct regulation of speed

Not approaching too

fast/slow

Correct use of brakes/gears

Not coasting on approach

or when turning

Look

for pedestrians who are crossing

take effective observation before emerging

emerge with due regard for traffic on the main road

BRITZ DRIVING SCHOOL

Turning Left – Minor to Major road

Below are the instructions you should remember while taking the next road on the left. When turning onto a main road you must always come to a complete stop, whether there is traffic approaching or not.

 Mirrors – Check the interior rear-view mirror first and the door mirror on the side you are turning.

 Signal – Indicate left even if you don’t see anyone else on the road. There may well be traffic in the road you are turning into. This covers all eventualities.

The Manoeuvre is broken down into three sections: Position, Speed and Look

 Position – maintain a safety line. Position the car depending on whether you are going to go straight on, turn left or turn right. Keep the car in your normal driving position if you are turning left, or close to the central line if you are turning right.

 Speed and gear – Less gas or gently brake. As there is limited vision, be prepared to stop at the broken white lines. Check left door mirror. Steer slightly to the left. It is usual to select first gear when emerging onto a main road.

Prepare – have the car ready to move off.

 Look – Observe -Take effective observations looking both ways. Look carefully for approaching traffic as you reach the junction. If you need to wait for more than a short time for a big enough breaks in the traffic, you will need to apply the handbrake. It is always better to be patient and wait for a bigger gap in the traffic rather than causing a dangerous situation, or inconvenience to other road users. Move forwards under clutch/brake control. Steer left and then right to the safety line. DO ensure your indicators are switched off, check mirrors. If safe, a little more gas. Select second gear or accelerate to an appropriate speed.

BRITZ DRIVING SCHOOL

Turning Right – Minor to Major road

Below are the instructions you should remember while taking the next road on the right. . When turning onto a main road you must always come to a complete stop, whether there is traffic approaching or not.

 Mirrors – Check the interior rear-view mirror first and the door mirror on the side you are turning.

 Signal – Indicate right even if you don’t see anyone else on the road. There may well be traffic in the road you are turning into. This covers all eventualities.

The Manoeuvre is broken down into three sections: Position, Speed and Look

 Position – maintain a safety line. Position the car depending on whether you are going to go straight on, turn left or turn right. Keep the car close to left of the central line if you are turning right.

 Speed and gear – Less gas or gently brake. As there is limited vision, be prepared to stop at the broken white lines. Check right door mirror. Steer slightly to the right. It is usual to select first gear when emerging onto a main road.

Prepare – have the car ready to move off.

 Look – Observe -Take effective observations looking both ways. Look carefully for approaching traffic as you reach the junction. If you need to wait for more than a short time for a big enough breaks in the traffic, you will need to apply the handbrake. It is always better to be patient and wait for a bigger gap in the traffic rather than causing a dangerous situation, or inconvenience to other road users. Move forwards under clutch/brake control. Steer right and then left to the safety line. Do ensure your indicators are switched off, check mirrors. If safe, a little more gas. Select second gear or accelerate to an appropriate speed.

BRITZ DRIVING SCHOOL

Frequently asked questions-

1. Some of the faults to avoid while approaching junctions are as below;

o Not properly observing ‘Give Way’ or ‘Stop’ lines.

o Emerging without due regard for approaching traffic/ Undue hesitancy

o Failing to recognise the junction in time.

o Not making effective use of the mirrors well before signalling or changing direction.

o Incorrect positioning on approach or positioning too late

o Approaching too fast or slow.

o Not braking sufficiently before gear changing

o Coasting

o Not giving way to pedestrians who are crossing or approaching traffic when turning right.

2. What are Open and closed road junctions?

Locating a junction as early as possible allows you to drive at the correct speed and to determine if it is open or closed. Once you have located a junction, your approach needs to be slow, often 2nd gear at around 10 to 15mph is usually appropriate. You will need to determine if the junction is open or closed.

The open junction gives the driver a clear view of the road that they intend to move onto as they approach. There are no trees, bushes or houses obscuring their view. If the road is clear, the driver of the car can continue onto the new road in 2nd gear without the need to stop.

The image of the closed road junction is very different however. The approaching junction is obscured from the car drivers vision due to large bushes and trees. It is likely that they will need to stop before proceeding into the new road.

Closed junctions are more common place in built up residential areas where roads are often quite narrow.

In such areas, there may be no signs traffic signals or even road markings to suggest there is a junction ahead. Driving on such roads requires an appropriately slow speed with careful observation. These types of roads are common place on the driving test and although often quiet, can be difficult. Examples of open and closed junctions are T-junctions. This can also apply to crossroads and roundabouts.

Open road junction Closed road junction

Food for thought – (You should give a think to the below and discuss this with your instructor)

What is your ‘Zone of Vision’?

BRITZ DRIVING SCHOOL

Appendix

Contents of this lesson are taken from:

DVLA – The Official Highway Code

https://www.gov.uk/highway-code

Adi News Magazine

LDC Driving School’s YouTube videos

Lesson no: 
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