The skills to be taught and developed as a learner driver are that they need to be driving at the right speed and be in the correct position for prevailing road and traffic conditions. Using the driving plan MSM or IPSGA all drivers should be trained to get the balance between not going too fast or too slowly – it can be as dangerous to drive too slowly as it is to drive too fast. Speed choice depends on factors including the legal limit, visibility, road surface conditions and the anticipated actions of other road users as well as the possibility of unseen hazards.

When it comes to positioning, the basic rule of the road is that we drive on the left. Factors that will influence this position include traffic signs, road markings and how the traffic is flowing to accommodate such common features as roadwork’s, parked vehicles and congestion. We need to ensure that we are in the best road position for the intended route. The overriding consideration for the use of speed, making progress and road positioning has to be safety.

Speed needs to be tailored with driving under limits and road engineering (traffic calming measures) as well as enforcement (safety cameras). Both speed and position are identified in the routine:

Information – Position – Speed – gear –Acceleration (IPSGA). Speed is often blamed for vehicle collisions and any resulting injuries or fatalities that occur. We live in a world where we expect everything on demand with instant or fast service whether it is the shortest flight times to foreign destinations or the food we eat served faster if not instantly. While learning to drive you might drive only slowly when first learning the necessary basic skills, with experience comes confidence and that can all too easily result in driving fast, in particular in the wrong places and at the wrong times. It is important to drive under speed limits at all times while learning to drive and also after gaining full driving license.



Not driving too fast

legal limits

road conditions

traffic conditions

Not driving too slowly (making progress)

avoiding undue hesitancy by proceeding where safe

keeping up with the traffic flow within the legal limits

Road Positioning

Correct for the circumstances


too wide from the left

too close to the left

Correct use of

lane discipline


The necessary skills are understanding the importance of;

1. not driving too slowly or too fast

2. not driving too close to the left/centre of the road

3. Judgement of the speed and distance of approaching traffic

4. Confidence to make progress

Speed: The importance of driving at a speed-

 Within the legal limits

 At which the car can be stopped well within the distance seen to be clear

 That suits the prevailing road and traffic conditions

Progress: The importance of-

 Sound traffic judgement

 Avoiding needless hesitancy at junctions or on other occasions where it might be safe to proceed.

Road Position: The importance of-

 A correct safety line

 Good lane discipline

To gain a full licence, test candidates must demonstrate competency, driving with confidence and making safe progress. Someone who keeps stopping needlessly at ‘Give Way’ lines cannot be expected to pass.


Frequently asked questions-

1. What are the faults to be taken care of during making progress and road positioning?

 Driving too fast for the traffic conditions

 Driving too slowly for the traffic conditions

 Undue hesitancy, particularly emerging at road junctions including roundabouts

 Driving too close to the centre of the road

 Driving too close to the pavement

 Poor lane discipline

Food for thought – (You should give a think to the below and discuss this with your instructor)

What will be the problem if you drive too slowly or hesitate where it is safe to proceed?



Contents of this lesson are taken from:

DVLA – The Official Highway Code

Adi News Magazine

LDC Driving School’s YouTube videos

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