Lesson Plan

Lesson 1 Get started with controls
To achieve competency in driving one will have to frequently practise and improve the basic driving skills. According to DSA, people who pass their driving test have had an average of 45 hours of driving lessons with a professional instructor along with 20 hours private practise. The first learning step for beginnerDriver will be to learn about five areas of controls. Your instructor will drive you to a suitable area where he will introduce the car and its controls to you.Lesson 2 Mirrors
Mirrors Signal Manoeuvre (MSM) is the foundation of driving safely and responsibly. To be able to respond safely and sensibly to hazards ahead, drivers need to know what traffic is doing behind and to the sides of the car. Effective use of mirrors is the skill of knowing exactly where other road users are in relation to the rear and sides of our vehicle.Lesson 3 Get Moving
Moving the car off for the very first time has to be one of the most exciting and memorable moments for a new learner. Complete attention and concentration on your driving instructor’s advice and instructions is very important for taking the right decisions on time while driving. In this exercise, you will be taken to a quiet road or an oval shaped crescent with few parked vehicles. Instructor will talk you through any traffic situations that can occur and also about turning corners taking care that minimal inconvenience is caused to other road users.Lesson 4 Stopping in an emergency
With good anticipation there should seldom be a need for any driver to have to perform an emergency stop as opposed to a normal stop. However, other road users do make mistakes that can create emergency situations, for instance, a child running out into the road.Lesson 5 Signals
Signals are the most obvious means of communication between drivers and all other road users. They are usually given by direction indicator but can also be given by arm. As a good driver you should try to identify other driver‟s intentions not just by electronic indicators, but by where he or she is looking, the vehicles speed or the direction where the vehicle‟s front wheels are pointing. As a driver one must never under-estimate the value of traffic signs, lights and road markings when learning to drive.

Lesson 6 Emerging from Major to Minor road
Most traffic collisions happen at road junctions. This is because they are the most common place where motor vehicles and other road users come into close proximity with each other.

Mirrors-Signal-Manoeuvre (MSM) is a simple and easy way to ensure success when learning to drive. For this exercise it is important to learn some of the skills like;

Steering technique which is following a safety line keeping a safe distance from the kerb and any parked cars or obstructions. Use a ‘pull-push’ technique of using the steering wheel.

Lesson 7 Emerging from Minor to Major road
Most traffic collisions happen at road junctions. This is because they are the most common place where

Mirrors-Signal-Manoeuvre (MSM) is a simple and easy way to ensure success when learning to drive. For this exercise it is important to learn some of the skills like;

  • Waiting behind the double broken white lines in order to give way to any approaching traffic.
  • Judgement of the distance and speed of any approaching traffic
  • Complying with STOP sign or STOP line
  • Giving way before emerging to pedestrians who are crossing the road

Lesson 8 Roundabouts
Roundabouts are common type of road junction and are in effect one-way systems that allow motorists to move more freely with the flow of traffic. This tends to prevent large backlogs of traffic building up, as traffic lights can do. There are different kinds and sizes of roundabout. At the point of entry some may have a single broken white line, while in busier locations roundabouts are more likely to have double broken white lines. It is important to understand the meaning of these road markings as a learner.

Lesson 9 Crossroads
Crossroads are a type of road junction. Many roundabouts are converted crossroads, designed specifically to help keep traffic moving. There are different kinds of crossroads: some may or may not have road markings, and others may be controlled by traffic lights. Before going onto Crossroads, you should normally have turned left and right several times from major to minor roads and minor to major roads.

Lesson 10 Pedestrian Crossing
Road safety is very much the responsibility of drivers. Stressing the role of planning ahead while driving and reducing speed to match the risks is part of our everyday tasks. Pedestrians don’t need licenses; they can and do cross the road anywhere they wish. Ensuring that you look, see and respond properly to every type of pedestrian crossing and anticipate the actions of any pedestrians generally will help the continuing downward trend of casualty reduction.

Lesson 11 Forward Planning
The key to achieving a collision free driving requires a combination of positive attitude towards driving and the ability to show awareness and anticipation of all road and traffic situations. While learning to drive it is very important to have your attention concentrated on observation and planning for all possible eventualities. Driving hazards can come in various forms at unexpected times. It is necessary to deal with any new traffic situations that are introduced to you. Our focus is mainly on ‘developing hazards’ those which are caused or presented by other road users.

Lesson 12 Judgement
With the increase in number of parked cars on residential roads, meeting approaching traffic is an important practical skill. Along with crossing approaching traffic, when turning right from a main road into a side road, learner drivers need to develop an ability to judge and correctly respond to these traffic situations. Skill development demands a positive driving attitude along with awareness and anticipation.

The necessary skills are;

  • Observation
  • Assessing what can be seen
  • Making decisions
  • Taking the right action

Lesson 13 Reversing
Reversing is an essential skill for general driving, whether for changing our travel direction, parking in a car park or at the roadside or perhaps a turn in the road. A reasonable degree of proficiency driving forwards is needed before attempting to learn the set-piece manoeuvres in progress with driving skills and prevent any unnecessary disappointments that can undermine confidence, attitude and learning.

Lesson 14 Parking
This lesson emphasizes on Reverse parking/parallel parking and parking in the bay, where you park between two other cars. Reverse or parallel parking makes use of the vehicle’s manoeuvrability in reverse gear. This exercise enables drivers to make use of parking spaces that cannot be driven into. All the skills required to reverse park are the same which are used while reversing and turning he car in the road. To prevent damage to the vehicle, drivers must avoid any temptation to turn the steering wheel while the vehicle is stationary.

The necessary skills are;

Lesson 15 Independent Driving
Independent driving was introduced into the practical driving test with the objective of bridging the gap between learning to drive and driving in the real world in particular to create more competent and safe novice drivers. Managing all that is going on around you and processing it as a driver, then being able to react in an appropriate way, is a challenge and ‘Independent driving’ is intended to test this at a basic level. It is therefore essential to gain the required skills to cope with independent driving on the test and when driving solo.

The necessary skills are;

Lesson 16 Road Positioning, Making progress and Speed
The skills to be taught and developed as a learner driver are that they need to be driving at the right speed and be in the correct position for prevailing road and traffic conditions. Using the driving plan MSM or IPSGA all drivers should be trained to get the balance between not going too fast or too slowly – it can be as dangerous to drive too slowly as it is to drive too fast. Speed choice depends on factors including the legal limit, visibility, road surface conditions and the anticipated actions of other road users as well as the possibility of unseen hazards.

Lesson 17 Turn in the road or three point turn
The objective of this lesson is to turn the car around to face the opposite direction using forward and reverse gears, without letting the tyres touch either the kerb or entering a driveway. Being able to demonstrate a turn in the road shows all the necessary skill to fully control a car. This manoeuvre is known as the ‘three point turn’. But we avoid this term because it can be completed in more turns where necessary – three points are a minimum, not a maximum.

Success with this manoeuvre requires the demonstration of three essential skills:

Lesson 18 Town Driving
The objective of this lesson is to accelerate the acquisition of driving experience and thus improve the safety of new drivers.

Some of the factors that need to be prioritised are:

1. Familiarity with vehicle controls

2. Commitment, attitude and accepting responsibility

3. Defensive driving – reducing blameworthy risk on the road

4. Positive driving – driver performance and not vehicle performance

The topics for skills development include:

  • Observation, judgement and awareness
  • Anticipation of buses, lorries and motorcyclists